Category Archives: Hadoop

Hadoop Metrics

Categories: Hadoop

Hadoop’s NameNode, SecondaryNameNode, DataNode, JobTracker, and TaskTracker daemons all expose runtime metrics. These are handy for monitoring and ad-hoc exploration of the system and provide a goldmine of historical data when debugging.

In this post, I’ll first talk about saving metrics to a file.  Then we’ll walk through some of the metrics data.  Finally, I’ll show you how to configure sending metrics to other systems and explore them with jconsole.

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Database Access with Apache Hadoop

Categories: General Hadoop MapReduce

Editor’s note (added Nov. 9. 2013): Valuable data in an organization is often stored in relational database systems. To access that data, you could use external APIs as detailed in this blog post below, or you could use Apache Sqoop, an open source tool (packaged inside CDH) that allows users to import data from a relational database into Apache Hadoop for further processing. Sqoop can also export those results back to the database for consumption by other clients.

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Multi-host SecondaryNameNode Configuration

Categories: Hadoop HDFS

You might think that the SecondaryNameNode is a hot backup daemon for the NameNode. You’d be wrong. The SecondaryNameNode is a poorly understood component of the HDFS architecture, but one which provides the important function of lowering NameNode restart time. This blog post describes how to configure this daemon in a large-scale environment. The default Hadoop configuration places an instance of the SecondaryNameNode on the same node as the NameNode. A more scalable configuration involves configuring the SecondaryNameNode on a different machine.

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The Small Files Problem

Categories: General Hadoop

Small files are a big problem in Hadoop — or, at least, they are if the number of questions on the user list on this topic is anything to go by. In this post I’ll look at the problem, and examine some common solutions.

Problems with small files and HDFS

A small file is one which is significantly smaller than the HDFS block size (default 64MB). If you’re storing small files,

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