The first release (0.19.0) from the 0.19 branch of Apache Hadoop Core was made on November 24. Many changes go into a release like this, and it can be difficult to get a feel for the more significant ones, even with the detailed Jira log, change log, and release notes. (There’s also JDiff documentation, which is a great way to see how the public API changed,
(guest blog post by Matei Zaharia)
When Apache Hadoop started out, it was designed mainly for running large batch jobs such as web indexing and log mining. Users submitted jobs to a queue, and the cluster ran them in order. However, as organizations placed more data in their Hadoop clusters and developed more computations they wanted to run, another use case became attractive: sharing a MapReduce cluster between multiple users.